The rules governing the functioning, organisation and institutions of USB are to be found in its Statuts, or Rules. Article VIII lists the governing bodies: General Meeting, Executive Committee, section committees set up within institutions and organisations, Audit Board, and Disputes Board. Article XIII describes the status and function of the Disputes Board. It comprises five full members and five alternate members. It is elected for two terms of the Executive Committee (para. 1). Members may not be members of the Executive Committee or Audit Board (para. 2). It has jurisdiction over any dispute within USB. Disputes may be brought before it by the Executive Committee, Audit Board or by a member of USB. It must give a hearing to the parties before giving a ruling (para. 3). If the dispute relates to elections to a USB statutory body, its competence extends beyond electoral questions concerning the vote, or where the Electoral Bureau declares it does not have jurisdiction (para. 4). If a member is being expelled, the Board must rule within 30 days, at the request of the Executive Committee. There is an appeal against a ruling on exclusion under Art. IV.7. More generally, any other decision of the Board may be appealed to the General Meeting (para. 5).
If those are the underlying provisions, how do things work in practice? The first point is that the members are elected, and this is intended to ensure their independence. So, there have to be elections to appoint the members to the Board. That in turn means there must be an Electoral Bureau which oversees the elections. Article XIV sets out information about the electoral procedures. Once appointed, the members then wait and see if there are any disputes. In that respect, there are broadly three types of situation. Firstly, there may be a dispute between persons or between a person and the Executive Committee, and here the Board seeks to reconcile the parties, without being subject to a particular time limit. Secondly, a member may be subject to exclusion, and here the Board has to adopt a view on the matter one way or the other. The Board also has to rule within a time limit, and it is particularly important to have a hearing when the member is able to learn of the reproaches being made and has the opportunity to contest them. The third situation is where elections to one of the organs is challenged. Apparently, such a situation has not yet arisen, and one can speculate about the possible rulings that might be made, for example, that the election is valid, a new call for candidates should be made, votes recounted, or the election rerun.